Last edited by Kajijora
Monday, July 20, 2020 | History

2 edition of Optimisation of anode characteristics of calcium thionyl chloride cells found in the catalog.

Optimisation of anode characteristics of calcium thionyl chloride cells

Jonathan Bradley

Optimisation of anode characteristics of calcium thionyl chloride cells

by Jonathan Bradley

  • 181 Want to read
  • 22 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D.) - Loughborough University of Technology, 1991.

Statement by Jonathan Bradley.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21515925M

at +55*C. Thionyl chloride containing sulfur or HCI produces no calcium corrosion after 23 weeks at +55*C. Thionyl chloride containing LiAlCl4 or Ca(AlCl4)2 causes calcium metal to corrode after six weeks at +55 C. Alloying calcium with aluminum, copper, lithium, or mercury does not improve its storage characteristics in thionyl chloride. In the anode, I would be using a graphite rod as the electrode and touch it to the calcium metal. My main problem is the salt bridge. Is there a method of connecting the calcium to the bridge to maintain charge balance without sacrificing voltage from a potential reaction with water? $\endgroup$ – user Mar 3 '16 at

The [email protected] composite catalyst exhibits excellent activity in the reduction process of thionyl chloride, as can be seen from the materials display characteristics of lower discharge over-potential, and improved electron transfer of its rate-determining step. The rate performance, operating voltage and discharge capacity are all improved. JPB2 JPA JPA JPB2 JP B2 JP B2 JP B2 JP A JP A JP A JP A JP A JP A JP B2 JP B2 JP B2 Authority JP Japan Prior art keywords lithium fraction method cathode homogenate Prior art date Author: ファルク、テドジャー, ジャン‐クロード、フドラ.

@article{osti_, title = {Self-discharge rate of lithium thionyl-chloride cells}, author = {Cieslak, W R}, abstractNote = {Our low-rate lithium/thionyl-chloride ``D`` cell is required to provide power continuously for up to 10 years. The cell was designed at Sandia National Laboratories and manufactured at Eagle-Picher Industries, Joplin, by: 2. Cieslak, W.R.; Delnick, F.M. The Fabrication and Performance of a Ag/AgCl Reference Electrode in Thionyl Chloride Electrolyte. J. Electrochem. Soc. , , – [Google Scholar] Brightman, E.; Hinds, G. In situ mapping of potential transients during start-up and shut-down of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell. by: 5.


Share this book
You might also like
Granny & the Indians

Granny & the Indians

Its time for brotherhood

Its time for brotherhood

Urban economies and productivity

Urban economies and productivity

Plots and characters in the works of Mark Twain

Plots and characters in the works of Mark Twain

Hormones in development

Hormones in development

Office & industrial cleaners.

Office & industrial cleaners.

NCES Announces the Release of Pursuing Excellence: A Study of U.S. Twelfth-Grade Mathematics and Science Achievement in International Context, Announcement, National Center for Education Statistics, September 1998

NCES Announces the Release of Pursuing Excellence: A Study of U.S. Twelfth-Grade Mathematics and Science Achievement in International Context, Announcement, National Center for Education Statistics, September 1998

Northern lights

Northern lights

Awareness, mobilization, and action for safe motherhood

Awareness, mobilization, and action for safe motherhood

Letters to young churches

Letters to young churches

Report of the Ad Hoc Government Consultation on International Standardization of Pesticide Registration Requirements, held in Rome, Italy, 24-28 October 1977.

Report of the Ad Hoc Government Consultation on International Standardization of Pesticide Registration Requirements, held in Rome, Italy, 24-28 October 1977.

Poems for a Small Planet

Poems for a Small Planet

Science through song

Science through song

The Outsiders

The Outsiders

Christian teaching of science.

Christian teaching of science.

Amiga ROM kernel reference manual

Amiga ROM kernel reference manual

Optimisation of anode characteristics of calcium thionyl chloride cells by Jonathan Bradley Download PDF EPUB FB2

Optimisation of anode characteristics of calcium thionyl chloride cells This item was submitted to Loughborough University's Institutional Repository by the/an author. Additional Information: • A Doctoral Thesis.

Submitted in partial ful lment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough Universit.y. Optimisation of anode characteristics of calcium thionyl chloride cells In the field of high performance primary battery systems lithium anoded cells have been shown to have an excellent performance and extremely good shelf : Jonathan Bradley.

Optimisation of anode characteristics of calcium thionyl chloride cells. By Jonathan Bradley. Get PDF (6 MB) in this thesis is concerned with the\ud development of a high performance battery system utilising\ud calcium as the anode material.

Calcium has received\ud attention as an anode material for a high performance\ud battery system Author: Jonathan Bradley. Calcium has received attention as an anode material for a high performance battery system because it removes many of the safety problems associated with lithium.

The major disadvantages of calcium have been addressed namely the shelf life and discharge performance. The electrochemical techniques of cyclic voltammetry and a.c. impedance have been used in conjunction with physical methods such as scanning electron microscopy to define the mode of operation of these : Jonathan Bradley.

Conclusions Poor low temperature performance of calcium thionyl chloride cells is attributed to the calcium anode. Use of pure calcium anodes, 1 M Ca(A1C14)z SOC12 electrolyte with S02 bubbled through it, and a cathode blend composed of?5% Shawinigan and 25% acetone-washed Black Pearls may provide performance above 2 V for a few minutes at (at 5 mA Cited by: 1.

Conclusions D-size calcium-thionyl chloride cells fabricated with (i) Sr(AIC14)2based electrolyte containing 20% added S02 and (ii) carbon cathodes made from a blend of high- and low-surface-area carbons, have poor capacities, even under low drains, at both room temperature and They appear to have a shelf life of less than 10 by: 5.

Inner metals of Ca, 14 - 2 9 at.% Ca in Li alloys, and - at.% Mg m Li alloys were evaluated. Discharge characteristics of cells using these sandwich anodes as well as cells containing the inner anode material alone were determined.

It was concluded that cells made with inner anode materials of Ca and Ca/Li alloys containing more than 7 at.%Cited by: 3. Ca metal being the most attractive anode in a Ca cell, the literature on insertion or alloying-type anode materials is scarce. Preparation of the first stage calcium graphite intercalation compound (CaC 6) was achieved through reaction between a pyrolytic graphite platelet and a molten lithium–calcium alloy at around ° by: This chapter discusses various types of lithium batteries, such aslithium-sulphur dioxide primary batteries, lithium-thionyl chloride primary batteries, and lithium-iodine primary batteries.

A lithium-sulphur dioxide primary battery uses a lithium anode, a gaseous sulphur dioxide cathode. Fast Activating Miniature Lithium Thionyl Chloride Reserve Battery. A miniature Lithium Thionyl Chloride Reserve Battery (MLRB) with a very fast activation time – single digit milliseconds – was developed.

A smaller design as the. The lithium/thionyl chloride battery is one of the highest energy systems available, delivering up to Wh/kg ( Wh/liter).

Due to its high energy content, care must be taken to ensure that cells and batteries are properly designed for each application and used in a safe by: 1. Mathematical Model of a Lithium/Thionyl Chloride Battery. and load to illustrate the application in optimization studies.

assembly with prewelded nick el tabs for the Li anode. The cells. Thionyl chloride is sometimes confused with sulfuryl chloride, SO 2 Cl 2, but the properties of these compounds differ significantly. Sulfuryl chloride is a source of chlorine whereas thionyl chloride is a source of chloride al formula: SOCl₂.

Storage Properties of Advanced C-size Calcium. Thionyl Chloride Batteries. Electrochem. Soc. (). Meitav and E. Peled Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) Electrode Part V: The Formation and Properties of the Solid Electrolyte Interphase on Calcium in Thionyl-Chloride Solutions.

Electrochemica A (). Lithium--thionyl chloride primary batteries Performance characteristics of calcium anode thermal batteries Table of Contents provided by Blackwell's Book Services and R.R.

Bowker. Used with permission. Title: Table of Contents Author: Marc-J. Tegethoff Subject (unspecified). Towards a calcium-based rechargeable battery. A study of the calcium-thionyl chloride electrochemical system. Li metal‐free rechargeable LiMn2O4/carbon cells Cited by: Properties of Advanced C-Size Calcium-Thionyl Chloride Batteries E.

Elster, R. Cohen, M. Brand, Y. Lavi and E. Peled A comparison of Lithium Liquid Cathode and Ca/S0Cl2 Cells for Communication Use R.J. Staniewicz, S.J.

Hafner and R.A. Dixon Investigation of Catalyzed Li/SOCl. Cells W.P. Kilroy, r, S.J. PeProtti and K.M. Abraham Spectroscopic. Analysis of a lithium/thionyl chloride battery under moderate-rate discharge Article (PDF Available) in Journal of The Electrochemical Society (11). Sources of Pressure in Lithium Thionyl Chloride Batteries.

Robert C. McDonald* factor in the design and optimization of large prismatic cells were anode (lithium) : Robert C. Mcdonald. For example, the catholyte must have a very low mp (below that of thionyl chloride), yet have a sufficiently high dielectric constant to dissolve on the order of –1 M electrolyte salt; it must form a stable passive film at the lithium anode, and it must readily undergo electroreduction at a high potential vs lithium with low charge Cited by:.

The invention relates to a method for treating all types of lithium anode cells and batteries by means of a hydrometallurgical process at room temperature. The treatment method enables cells and batteries comprising a metallic lithium-based anode or an anode containing lithium incorporated in an anodic insertion compound to be treated under safe conditions, thus Cited by: Development of a high temperature Li/CFx battery for downhole applications.

cell offers 20% more capacity than Thionyl Chloride cells. readiness .commercial Li thionyl chloride (Li-SOCl 2) batteries were developed.6 However, in contrast to Mg, electrodeposition of calcium has for long been elusive and only primary cells were achieved. The lack of calcium plating upon cell reversal was even considered as a safety advantage for the Ca-SOCl 2 cells as compared with its Li analogue